Mohammed Bedr Eldin Yahia Babiker
Business Development & Project Management
E – Mail: email@example.com
Mineral resources in most countries of the world, especially developing countries, are the nourishing arteries of most basic and remittance industries and these industries play a major role in reducing import costs, providing hard currency and achieving value added. It has a major role to play in localizing jobs, creating new jobs for its citizens, and transferring and localizing technology in support of the national economy.
Mining is one of the global economic drivers, the mining industry is responsible for moving $1 trillion annually, more than 70 countries in the world rely mainly on the mining sector, and mining accounts for 60 to 90 per cent of foreign investment in low-income countries. Mining has undergone a revolution over the last two decades, driven by global demand, and China’s growth has played an important role in increasing demand for minerals. Mining contributes to increased direct revenues from taxes and exports, contributes to job creation and infrastructure development, particularly in rural and peripheral areas, and has actively contributed to the transfer of technology to countries with rich natural resources through foreign investing companies.
The mining sector is all the more important because of changes in the global raw material market, which suffers from the low production of some raw materials and some important minerals for many industries, as well as the effects of monopolizing a limited number of countries to produce a number of important metals, in addition to which two factors will determine the demand for raw materials in the next few decades, the first is the growth of the world economy, which will raise demand for classic raw materials such as iron, steel and copper, and the second is technological progress, which is likely to lead to the flourishing of a number of elements and minerals that are still irrelevant at present.
The most important mineral resources found in Sudan:
1/ Silica Sand Stone
These are sand used for many industries and are available in quantities in the State of the Nile and North Kordofan.
The Maina: The Nile State west of the partner is a meskovaite type and the reserves in this area are estimated at about 14.7 million tons.
2/ Iron ore is available at several sites in the Red Sea mountains, Mount Abbottolo in South Kordofan, Karnoi in Western Darfur state, Old Halfa and Bejarawia, which estimates reserves of at least 2 billion tons with a concentration of 40% of the iron element.
3/ Copper ore is available in eastern Sudan with a reserve of 5 million tons and quantities of crude are available in western Sudan and the reserve ratio is increasing in depth and Sudan has a very large reserve of copper ore, a huge wealth where crude is sold in pounds.
4/ Silver ore is available in The State of Red and is produced by Ariab company in some of its mines as an accompanying element of gold and the reserve is estimated at about 3,000T and is considered one of the most expensive metals where it is sold by ounce in the world markets.
5/ Nickel ore is available in the Ariab Belt, the Eastern Nuba Mountains, the Kordofan Mountains, the Northern State and Darfur, all studies indicate a commercial reserve, the price of crude in the world market for a metric ton is $14,000.
6/ Magnity ore is available in the Sudan in the Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan State, Bee Quarrying in Al-Qadarif State, Red Sea Mountains with an estimated reserve of 30,500,000 tons.
7/ Chromium ore is located in several locations in Sudan (Insana Mountains – Nuba Mountains – Red Sea Mountains – Bee Quarrying) and the crude reserves in the Region of Al-Anqsna are estimated at about one million tons and with a concentration of up to 48-60%
8/ Bullets: Extracted from The Mute region of North Darfur and there are recent discoveries in South Darfur, North Kordofan and the Eastern Nuba Mountains
9/Uranium and rare earth elements
These two cities are located in the areas of Darfur copper pits – south and west of Kordofan – Red Sea – Lining
10/ For phosphates, there are two types of sedimentary and suborptive phosphate placements, consisting of sedimentary phosphate positions in the form of horizontal layers associated with limestone layers in the marine environment in various geological times.
The type of concrete was discovered in the areas of Jebel Horns and Mount Oro in the Eastern Nuba Mountains in the form of lenses and veins slanted to cracks and reserve intervals of 400 thousand tons with a concentration of
11/ Black sand is sand formed by sediments in the Al-Khairan Delta and valleys and contains the minerals of the mannetite, manatees, rotiel and zaercon.
Its areas of presence in Sudan are: Red Sea coasts in the Region of Trentat, Khor Baraka Delta where the reserve is estimated at 10 million tons of crude
The spread of gold mining in large parts of Sudan has caused many environmental and health problems that have affected the lives of many citizens, in many parts of the country, and led to a number of health and environmental disturbances, The state of South Kordofan richest in gold in Sudan has more than 58 gold mines and more than 3,000 mining wells, which have wasted large amounts of mercury-treated soil residues and lured investors to establish waste treatment plants using highly toxic cyanide and extract what is wasted. the rest of the gold in the waste.
Traditional minerals use mercury metal to extract 30 per cent of the gold in the soil and face the risk of poisoning, while the remainder are extracted using cyanide in large factories, without complying with the requirements for maintaining human safety and the environment, a threat to most areas of the Sudan where gold mining is widespread.
The mining sector is an important sector in Sudan, but there are challenges facing the sector, so it needs support and development to raise its contribution to GDP, and the sector needs a different view of legislators to enable it correctly to maximize its economic returns and create jobs, either directly or indirectly, the importance of overcoming the challenges experienced by the mining sector in Sudan, such as encouraging banks to grant loans to small and medium-sized companies operating in this sector and providing adequate information on concessions. Mining and quarries and eliminating competition between private and state mining companies
A comprehensive mining strategy in Sudan should be implemented by conducting a detailed comprehensive study of each metal with the aim of identifying investment opportunities to achieve competitive advantage based on three important elements: available mineral resources, local demand and competitive production cost, and based on this study, a number of strategic minerals are identified to achieve key aspirations and objectives in order for Sudan to become one of the most important mineral producing countries in the world and to support the transformation of the mining sector through the launch of a number of initiatives focused on Three key pillars are to provide geological data, accelerate exploration, facilitate investment, develop the regulatory environment, ensure the sustainability and financing of the sector, develop the value chain and mineral industries and attract investment.